Leon Lederman, a Nobel Prize-winning physicist and passionate advocate for science schooling who coined the time period “the God particle,” died today at age 96. His demise was introduced by Fermi Nationwide Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab) in Batavia, Illinois, the place he was director from 1978 to 1989.
Lederman and two colleagues shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1988 for his or her discovery, 22 years earlier, that elusive particles referred to as neutrinos are available a couple of kind. (Physicists now know that there are three varieties of neutrinos.) Later, Lederman headed the group that found a particle referred to as the underside quark. And he led Fermilab whereas it constructed its Tevatron collider, the world’s highest power atom smasher from 1983 to 2010.
However Lederman could also be higher recognized with the neologism within the title of his 1993 e-book, The God Particle: If the Universe Is the Reply, What Is the Query? He was referring to the Higgs boson, the final lacking piece of physicists’ commonplace mannequin of basic particles and forces, which was lastly found in 2012.
Some physicists scorned the time period for conflating faith and science. Within the e-book, Lederman puckishly claimed he selected it for 2 causes. First, he stated, his writer would not let him use an identical, however saltier, time period. Second, Lederman wrote, “there is a connection, of types, to a different e-book, a a lot older one …” He adopted with a passage from Genesis.